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International Journal of Physiology, Sports and Physical Education

Vol. 6, Issue 1, Part A (2024)

Approach towards osteoarthritis in physiotherapy management


Dr. Suraj Singh Bhadoria and Abhilasha Sengar


Osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee is a common chronic joint disease that is painful and debilitating. Several types of physiotherapy are available as non-invasive options for treating osteoarthritis (OA). The evidence supporting widely utilized physiotherapy interventions is compiled in this review. There is compelling evidence to demonstrate the short-term benefits of exercise on pain and function; however, the kind of exercise appears to have no bearing on the course of treatment. Exercise can be delivered effectively through individual, group, or at-home methods; however, effects may be enhanced by therapist contact. Improving exercise adherence is necessary to optimize results over the long run. Pain can be lessened by using knee tape to straighten the patella and release soft tissues. Additionally, there is proof that using knee braces for patients with osteoarthritis. Clinical investigations do not corroborate the symptomatic effects of lateral wedge shoe insoles, however biomechanical research demonstrate that they minimize knee strain. Individual shoe characteristics may also impact knee load, according to recent studies, and the impact of altered shoe designs is currently of interest. Although it shouldn't be used as a stand-alone treatment, manual therapy might have advantages. In conclusion, there is enough data to suggest that physiotherapy interventions can help people with knee OA feel less pain and perform better, even though the research is not conclusive.

Pages: 14-18  |  104 Views  41 Downloads

International Journal of Physiology, Sports and Physical Education
How to cite this article:
Dr. Suraj Singh Bhadoria and Abhilasha Sengar. Approach towards osteoarthritis in physiotherapy management. Int. J. Physiol. Sports Phys. Educ. 2024;6(1):14-18. DOI: 10.33545/26647710.2024.v6.i1a.60
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