International Journal of Physiology, Sports and Physical Education

International Journal of Physiology, Sports and Physical Education


International Journal of Physiology, Sports and Physical Education
International Journal of Physiology, Sports and Physical Education
2020, Vol. 2, Issue 1
Psychological skills training for managing anxiety and better performance in elite athletes: A review

Mullai S, Narkeesh A, Jeyaraj D Pandian

Objective: present systemic review was to find overview of available literature and find a gap for future studies of psychological training to reduce anxiety in elite athletes. Data Source: PubMed, PsycINFo, Science Direct and Google Scholars. Study eligibility criteria: The research works of RCT and Non RCT on psychological skill training on elite athletes which published in English language from 2000 to February 2019. Interventions: Application of various psychological techniques to reduce precompetitive anxiety among elite athletes. Outcome measure: Performance score, salivary cortisol, Heart rate, heart rate variability, tremo meter test, physical fitness test, cortisol plasma testosterone, competitive state anxiety questionnaires, semi structures interview, mental skill questionnaires, Test of performance strategies, Psychological wellbeing scale, mindful Attention Awareness Scale. Positive Affect, Negative Affect Schedule, -Satisfaction with Life Scale. Sport Mental Toughness Questionnaire, Positive Affect, Negative Affect Schedule, Satisfaction with Life Scale. Sport Mental Toughness Questionnaire, Shortened General Attitudes and Beliefs Scale), Sport Anxiety Scale-2, Group Environment Questionnaire, Trait Sport-Confidence Inventory, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. Self-Talk Questionnaire, Sport Competition Anxiety Test, Self-Compassion Scale. Unfamiliar relaxing music, unfamiliar arousing music, Familiar arousing music. Results: There were 10 studies used combination of various psychological training of alpha/theta neuro Feedback and mindfulness meditation, Goal setting, self-talk, visualization, imagery, Progressive relaxation therapy. Few studies were conducted with specific techniques and Its conducted with a smaller number of subject and objective measures. Conclusion: There is lots psychological training conducted among elite athletes even though world of athletes still suffering anxiety. Implications: There was a need of specific behavioral therapy to alter this major issue of precompetitive anxiety
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How to cite this article:
Mullai S, Narkeesh A, Jeyaraj D Pandian. Psychological skills training for managing anxiety and better performance in elite athletes: A review. International Journal of Physiology, Sports and Physical Education, Volume 2, Issue 1, 2020, Pages 08-14
International Journal of Physiology, Sports and Physical Education International Journal of Physiology, Sports and Physical Education